Аудирование: тренировочные тесты
Тематика тестов определена Кодификатором элементов содержания, проверяемых заданиями КИМ.
• Прежде чем приступить к аудированию, внимательно прочтите задания – это может подсказать вам, о чем будет речь и помочь вам в понимании содержания текста. Прочитав вопросы, постарайтесь представить себе говорящих, где они находятся, каковы их взаимоотношения.
На этапе слушания текста
• Не пытайтесь понять каждое слово. Ваша цель – понять общий смысл прослушанного текста, высказывания или диалога.
• Когда вы слушаете первый раз, отвечайте сразу на вопросы, в которых вы уверены. Тогда при втором прослушивании вы сумеете сосредоточиться на оставшихся вопросах.
• Выбирая один из предложенных вариантов ответа, постарайтесь проанализировать, почему неверен другой.
Если вам нужно извлечь запрашиваемую информацию, следует сконцентрировать внимание только на этой информации, отсеивая информацию второстепенную.
Прослушав текст и выполнив задания к нему, можно использовать его для развития навыков устной и письменной речи.
1. You will hear five teenagers talking about pocket money. Choose from the list A–F a sentence that describes each speaker. Use letters only once. There is an extra letter which you do not need to use.
A. If you get money from your parents, you must spend it sensibly.
B. To give presents is more pleasant than to receive them.
C. I’ve become more mindful of what to spend my money on.
D. You are not free and independent if you don’t earn your money yourself
E. My parents think that teens waste money.
F. My parents always help out if there’s something special I need.
Parents all over the world give money to their children. When teenagers get money they feel they are adult and think they are free and independent. But I don’t think so. You can be independent only if you earn the money you are spending.
Everybody in the world has to have money, and parents understand this by giving money to their children.
A lot of teenagers think that they can spend money which belongs to their parents however they want. And they usually impulsively buy trivial things. If you get money from your parents, you must spend it wisely.
My parents always give me pocket money. I often buy food in the school canteen, or books, CDs or DVDs, but not all the time. Before some events, for example, New Year’s, Christmas or my sister’s birthday, I begin to save my pocket money so I can buy presents for my relatives and friends. Besides, I think that that it is more pleasant to give presents than to receive them.
If I see a poor man or a tramp, I always give them some money.
I’m always thrilled to be spending my own money, and in the last year, I’ve become more aware of what to spend it on. It is very good to save money for the future… Rockefeller, the famous American millionaire, told a funny story how he became a millionaire.
“My mother gave me pocket money every day to buy breakfast at school. I saved this money. She also gave me pocket money in the university. I saved this money too… After that, my uncle died and left me his million. Then I became a millionaire…”
My parents want to teach me to use money sensibly. They opened a bank account for me so that I could learn to save. They always give me money every month so that I could learn to budget. But they always help out if there’s something special I need that I can’t afford.
2. You will hear three people talking about their cinema-going habits and preferences.
1. is really fanatical about movies? _____________
2. goes to the cinema quiet a lot? __________
3. is very choosy about what he likes to see? ________
4. likes feel-good films? ___________
5. thinks that films serve as a form of entertainment? ___________
6. thinks that entertainment is not the only purpose of films? __________
7. doesn’t believe everything he/she sees in films? _________
8. likes screen versions of famous novels? __________
I go to the cinema whenever I can. It depends on whether there’s anything good or not. I’m quite choosy about what I like to see. Surely, films serve as a form of entertainment, which is important to us. I like feel-good films, which contain hope for a better life.
I go to the cinema quite a lot. It depends, really, on how much time I’ve got or what I’m doing. Sometimes I go every week for a period and see everything interesting that’s on. Then I may not go again for a month or so. Surely, films serve as a form of entertainment. But entertainment is not the only purpose of films. I am truly convinced that films should awaken the best, the lightest and highest feeling in every person.
I’m really fanatical about movies. I love cinema. I like screen versions of famous novels. Cinema should tell us about different aspects of life, and should give us matter for thinking… But I don’t believe everything I see in films and I don’t like cruel films with meaningless violence.
3. You will hear five people talking about different environmental problems. Choose from the list A–F which problem each one is discussing. There is one extra letter which you do not need to use.
A. Nuclear waste
B. Shortage of clean water
C. Shortage of energy
D. Air pollution
E. The ozone layer
F. Water pollution
1. …The greatest environment disaster affecting the planet is not genetically modified (GM) foods or crops, the felling of tropical rainforests, proliferation of dangerous chemicals or even global warming. It is, rather, the scourge of dirty drinking water which kills 2.2 million a year in developing countries. Most victims are children.
2. … Vehicles are among the worst sources of air pollution. You should walk short distances, ride a bicycle or use public transport if it is available. Failing that, try to share a car.
3. ... About 2.5 billion people have no access to any form of modern energy, but rely on burning wood, crop waste and animal dung for heat and cooking. In rural India, for example only a third of households have access to electricity.
4. … The lower part of the stratosphere contains a band of warm gas called the ozone layer. Ozone absorbs very shortwave ultraviolet radiation – that is, the harmful, burning rays from the sun. These rays kill plants and cause burns, skin cancer, and cataracts in animals and man.
5. … The Mediterranean Sea occupies 1 percent of the world’s water surface. But it is the dumping-ground for 50 percent of all marine pollution. Sixteen countries border on the Mediterranean. Almost all of them regularly dump shiploads of industrial waste a few miles off shore.
4. You will hear people talking in five different situations.
1) For questions 1-5 complete the sentences with a word or a phrase.
1. The speaker is not superstitious but he is careful about ____________.
2. The speaker’s favourite character was the ______________ – he was great.
3. The New Photography Gallery works _______________.
4. The speaker can use his phone ____________ to learning materials.
5. The speaker has been conducting his own ______________.
2) Listen again and answer the questions. Explain your answers.
1. Is the first speaker superstitious?
2. What part does Hugh Grant play in the film?
3. Are there only new works or old and new ones?
4. Do the teachers ask students to put their mobiles away?
5. Are the colleagues similar in every respect?
1. I personally don’t take superstitions very seriously. I don’t think that thirteen is unlucky. As you know my birthday is on the 13th. But I’m careful about salt and mirrors. I have horseshoes nailed above my door and sometimes I cross my fingers as a sign of good luck.
2. I have watched Notting Hill. It’s a romantic comedy with Julia Roberts and Hugh Grant. Anna (Julia Roberts) is a world famous actress. She meets and falls in love with William Thacker (Hugh Grant), the shy owner of a bookshop in London. He always plays the same part … the shy Englishman. My favourite character was the flatmate – he was great…
3. … I advise you to visit the New Photography Gallery. They highlight works from the Victoria & Albert’s photography collection. Yes, there are also new acquisitions and exhibitions. I know that you are interested in photojournalism. When are they open? Daily, from 10.00 to 18.00. It’s very interesting.
4. My parents gave me a great present – a new mobile phone. It has a link to the Internet and can do video messaging. So I can use my phone to get access to learning materials. It can be a classroom aid for learning. My teacher doesn’t ask me to put it away if I use it for learning. Not only me. We students use our mobiles for different classes, there are amazing possibilities. When we are on school trips, I send pictures back to friends.
5. I’ve spent the past few weeks working with two colleagues – one French, one American – and conducting my own little cultural survey to see how closely they conform to stereotypes. Both have young children and both men are City of London professionals. But the similarities end there…
5. You will hear a radio discussion about a new phenomenon generated by modern technologies – flash mobbing.
FLASH MOB is:
A large group of people who gather in a usually predetermined location, perform some brief action, and then quickly dispense. (n., v., adj.)
– flash mobber (n.)
– flash mobbing (pp.)
converge cходиться, собираться
like-minded одинаково мыслящий
1) Listen and number these words in the order you hear them.
predetermined ______ edge______ gaggle______ departing______ spawned______ script______ gatherings______
P – presenter; S1, S2, S3 – guests.
P: The Internet has spawned a gaggle of new verbs – googling, surfing and flaming are words most of us are used to hearing in everyday conversations. Now we can add flash mobbing to that list. What does it mean? Here in the studio with me are three young people to discuss this phenomenon.
S1: A Flash mob is a new harmless passion of our century. Flash mobs are sudden gatherings of people at a predetermined location at a predetermined time. People in flash mobs usually perform according to a written script, then disperse quickly.
P: Is there any sense in it?
S1: Flash mobs can be held for many purposes, but most groups stick to just having fun.
S2: A few words about the history of this phenomenon… The first flash mob strike was held in New York in the summer of 2003. New Yorkers put forwarded e-mails to coordinate flash mobs...
P: So, flash mobs are not-so-random crowds that appear in places for brief period of time…
S2: Yes, appear and then quickly disperse at a given time, all members departing in different directions.
S3: Flash mobbing is the leaderless gathering and moving of like-minded people who are organized using technologies such as cell phones, e-mail and the web.
P: So, is mobbing a performance act or the cutting edge of a new social movement? Is it just a reflection of today’s information society, of the new generation morality?
2) Listen again. Complete the sentences with a word or a phrase.
1. A Flash mob is a new __________ _________ of our century.
2. People in flash mobs usually perform according to a written script, then ___________ quickly.
3. Flash mobs can be done for many _________, but most groups stick to just having fun.
4. Like-minded people are __________ using technologies such as cell phones, e-mail and the web.
5. So, is mobbing a performance act or the cutting edge of a new social movement?
6. Listen to these short dialogues. Decide if statements A-E are true or false according to the dialogues.
– Do you know what Jane Austen wrote about?
– She wrote about the way of life of middle class people of her time. I’ve read Sense and Sensibility and Pride and Prejudice.
– Are they interesting?
– I couldn’t put them down until I read the last page.
– What genres do you like?
– I think comedies, musicals and love stories. The film “My Fair Lady” is my favourite.
– What is it about?
– Don’t you know? An expert in phonetics claims that, within six months he can take a street girl with a strong Cockney accent and pass her off as a duchess. A flower girl, Eliza, hears him talking with his friends and offers to pay for speech lessons, because she wants to speak like a lady. The rest is absolutely charming story. It is a kind of Cinderella tale. It is based on the play “Pygmalion” by George Bernard Shaw.
– What do you read to keep up-to-date?
– I like teen magazines. In their pages you can find articles about everything: fashions, movie stars, music and sport.
– Do these magazines educate and inform you?
– Behind all the make-up hints and movie reviews, there are serious things, too. About health care. About problems that concern young people today.
– Is the Russian State Library the world’s largest?
– I’m afraid not. Though it’s one of the richest libraries and has a unique collection of books. It has over 40 million books in 247 languages.
– Then, is the British Library the world’s largest?
– I believe not. The world’s largest library is the US Library of Congress. It is packed with 90 million items.
– What factors do you take into account when choosing a future career?
– In my opinion, the most important factors are job satisfaction, money and friendly atmosphere.
– I think that good conditions are also desirable.
The speaker couldn’t put the books down until she read them from cover to cover.
The rest is an absolutely trivial and boring story. It is a kind of Cinderella tale.
Behind all the make-up hints and movie reviews, there are serious things, too.
The US Library of Congress is packed with 40 million items in 247 languages.
One of the speakers thinks that good conditions should be taken into account when choosing a future career.
7. Listen to these short dialogues.
Decide which dialogue 1–5 matches statement A–F. There is one statement that you don’t need.
– What makes a person upper class?
– First of all his or her family background, education, political opinions and even the right kind of accent.
– Education? Right accent? What do you mean?
– The schools such as Eton, Harrow give their pupils self-confidence, the right accent, a good academic background and perhaps, most important of all, the right friends and contacts.
– I see, “the Old Boy Network”.
– Public schools… I think it’s rather confusing to call these schools “public” because these are the schools for the privileged.
– You are quite right. But these schools accept pupils on the basis of an examination, known as the Common Entrance. Nothing is impossible for a willing heart.
– Are Russians alike or different from the British in eating habits?
– I think different. Our habits depend on our way of life, economics, health service and many other things.
– Have eating habits in Russia changed recently?
– In my opinion, they have changed a lot because many people try to eat whole-meal products and believe in dieting.
– Has your father ever been unemployed?
– Yes, he has. It was two years ago. His firm went bust. But it wasn’t the end of the world though he was out of work for over a year.
– Did he go on the dole?
– Yes, he did. But he didn’t think it was a humiliation.
– Did he find a new job?
– Yes, he did. He was employed by the State.
– Pupils graduate from school at age 16. What opportunities are there to continue their studies?
– At the age of 16, pupils take their GCSE exam….
– General Certificate of Secondary Education. Those who get good grades can stay on at school or go to the sixth form college to prepare for A-levels.
– What about pupils who don’t make good grades at GCSE exams?
– They can go to a college of continuing education.
A. They can go to a college of further education.
B. First of all his or her family background, education, political opinions and even the right kind of accent.
C. But these schools accept pupils on the basis of an examination, known as the Common Entrance.
D. Yes, secondary education is compulsory for all children.
E. He was employed by the State.
F. Our habits depend on our way of life, economics, health service and many other things.
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8. You will hear a speaker talking about five famous people.
1. As a boy, Edison was not a good student. His parents took him out of school and his mother taught him at home, where his great curiosity and desire to experiment often got him into trouble.
2. As a boy, Franklin lived in Boston, on the Atlantic Coast. There, during the warm summers, he learned to swim. At the age of 11, he tried out an early invention, which may well have been the first swim fins (such as used in scuba diving today).
3. Graphology is the study and analysis of handwriting as a way of telling you about the writer’s personality. One of the most widely analysed signatures is that of the greatest English writer of all time, William Shakespeare. The only examples we have of Shakespeare’s ability to write are six examples of his signature. Unfortunately, experts do not agree on whether he wrote them at all.
4. Salvador Dali was a Spanish painter and a member of the Surrealist Movement. He was born in Figueras in Catalonia and completed his education at the School of Fine Art in Madrid. After 1929 he became a Surrealist, although other members of the Movement accused him of being too commercial.
5. Alexander Fleming returned to his research laboratory at St. Mary’s Hospital in London after World War I. His battlefront experience had shown him how serious a killer bacteria could be, much worse than enemy artillery. He wanted to find a chemical that could stop bacterial infection.
Answer these questions.
1. Who carried out a research at St. Mary’s Hospital?
2. Who was not a good student?
3. Whose signature is one of the most widely analysed?
4. Who was taught at home?
5. Who as a boy lived in Boston?
6. Who was accused of being too commercial?
7. Who tried out an early invention?
1. 1. D; 2. A; 3. B; 4. C; 5. F
2. 1. 3; 2. 2; 3. 1; 4. 1; 5. 1; 6. 2; 7. 3; 8. 3
3. 1. B; 2. D; 3. C; 4. E; 5. F
1) 1. salt and mirrors; 2. flatmate; 3. daily, from 10.00 to 18.00; 4. to get access; 5. cultural survey
1. Yes. He is careful about salt and mirrors. He has horseshoes nailed above his door and sometimes. He crosses his fingers as a sign of good luck.
2. An owner of a bookshop in London.
3. There are old and new works. (There are also new acquisitions and exhibitions)
4. No, they don’t. (My teacher doesn’t ask me to put it away if I use it for learning. … Not only me…)
5. No. (But the similarities end there…)
1) 1. spawned; 2. gaggle; 3. gatherings; 4. predetermined; 5. script; 6. departing; 7. edge
2) 1. harmless passion; 2. disperse; 3. purposes; 4. organized; 5. cutting edge
6. 1. t; 2. f; 3. t; 4. f; 5. t
7. 1. B; 2. C; 3. F; 4. E; 5. A
8. 1. Alexander Fleming; 2. Edison; 3. William Shakespeare; 4. Edison; 5. Franklin; 6. Salvador Dali; 7. Franklin