continued from No. 24/2006;
Дополнительные задания к книге “Britain in
Brief” В.В. Ощепковой и И.И. Шустиловой
Text 4. St. Paul’s Cathedral and The Chapel of King’s College
History of Wren’s Creation • What It Looks Like •
The Interior • The Whispering Gallery • The Chapel of King’s
College in Cambridge
St. Paul’s Cathedral
Duke of Wellington
St. Paul’s Cathedral is the work of the famous architect Sir Christopher Wren. It is
said to be one of the finest pieces of architecture in Europe. Work on Wren’s
masterpiece began in 1675 after a Norman church, old St. Paul’s, was destroyed in the
Great Fire of 1666. For 35 years the building of St. Paul’s Cathedral went on, and Wren
was an old man before it was finished.
From far away you can see the huge dome with a golden ball and cross on the top. The
interior of the Cathedral is very beautiful. It is full of monuments. The most important,
perhaps, is the one dedicated to the Duke of Wellington. After looking round you
can climb 263 steps to the Whispering Gallery, which runs round the dome. It is so-called,
because if someone whispers close to the wall on one side, a person with his ear close to
the wall on the other side can hear what is said 32 metres away. But if you want to reach
the top of the ball, you have to climb 637 steps.
As for Sir Christopher Wren, who is now known as “the architect of London”, he
found his fame only after his death. He was buried in the Cathedral. Buried here are Lord
Nelson, the Duke of Wellington and Sir Joshua Reynolds.
Chapel of King’s College
Those who are interested in English architecture can study all the architectural styles
of the past 500 or 600 years in Cambridge. The Chapel of King’s College is the most
beautiful building in Cambridge and one of the greatest Gothic buildings in Europe. It is
built in the Perpendicular style. Its foundation stone was laid in 1446, but it was
completed sixty-nine years later. The interior of the Chapel is a single lofty aisle and
the stonework of the walls is like lace. The Chapel has a wonderful fan-vaulting which is
typical of the churches of that time. We admire the skill of the architects and craftsmen
who created all these wonderful buildings.
Whispering Gallery “Галерея шёпота” (у основания
внутреннего купола собора св. Павла; знаменита
своим акустическим эффектом; диаметр купола –
Duke of Wellington герцог Веллингтон (1769–1852),
английский фельдмаршал; командовал
англо-голландской армией в битве при Ватерлоо (в
1815 г.); впоследствии крупный политик, лидер
партии Тори, премьер-министр Англии в
Joshua Reynolds Джошуа Рейнолдс (1723–1792),
английский живописец и теоретик искусства,
первый президент Лондонской академии художеств;
наиболее известное произведение – “Портрет
адмирала Хитфилда”; в виртуозных парадных
портретах выявлял характер личности
Perpendicular style перпендикулярный архитектурный
стиль (поздняя английская готика; отличается
ажурной каменной работой по вертикальным
сторонам окон, ребристыми сводами)
Are you good at dates and figures?
1. What do the following dates and figures mentioned in the text indicate?
1675 1446 263 32
637 35 69
2. Which of them are related to…
a) …the history of St Paul’s Cathedral?
b) …the interior of the Cathedral and the Whispering Gallery?
c) …the Chapel of King’s College in Cambridge?
II. WORD STUDY
1. Which of the words and phrases below are related to architecture:
2. the interior
9. the Perpendicular Style
10. a golden ball and cross on the top
2. Complete the sentences using one of the items in ex. 1.
A. The Whispering __________ is a raised platform along the inner wall of a building
that goes all the way round the inside of the dome of St. Paul’s _____________ in
B. From far away, on the top of the huge ___________ you can see a golden
________________and a _______________.
C. The Perpendicular style is a style of ____________ architecture used in England in
the 14th and 15th centuries.
D. This style was marked by large windows, vertical lines, and ceiling patterns in
stone called _________ __________.
E. The ____________ of King’s College is considered to be the most beautiful
_______________ building in Cambridge and one of the masterpieces of _________
architecture in Europe.
F. The ____________ of the walls inside the Chapel of King’s College is like lace.
III. GRAMMAR PRACTICE
1. Read the text again and find the sentences with the word ONE in pattern A: one
of the…; pattern B: the one…
Note: in pattern A one means oneness;
In pattern B one is used to avoid repetition of a countable noun or pronoun.
2. Complete the following sentences using one of the or the one/the
A. Sir Christopher Wren is known as ____________ most prominent architects.
B. – Which Gothic chapel are you talking about?
– About ____________ in Cambridge.
C. ___________ monuments in St Paul’s Cathedral is dedicated to the Duke of
D. The Chapel of King’s College in London is _______________ greatest Gothic
buildings in Europe.
E. – Let’s go and see the monuments, shall we?
– Do you mean _____________ inside St Paul’s Cathedral?
F. There was a church in this place, _____________ that was destroyed in the Great Fire
IV. COMMUNICATION PRACTICE
Using this text and other sources of information: the Internet, books and
encyclopaedias, pictures or photos, prepare for a talk about:
1. Sir Christopher Wren, his life and creations;
2. St Paul’s Cathedral, its location, the interior, the whispering Gallery;
3. The Perpendicular style in architecture;
4. The Chapel of King’s College.
I. 2. a) 1675, 1666, 35 years; b) 263 steps, 32 metres, 637 steps; c) 1446, 69
II. 1. All except 3, 8;
2. A. Gallery, Cathedral; B. dome, ball, cross; C. Gothic; D. The Perpendicular
style; E. Chapel, Gothic, Perpendicular; F. stonework
III. 2. A. one of the; B. the one; C. One of the; D. one of the; E. the ones; F.
By Viktoria Oschepkova, Irina Shustilova
to be continued